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Conditions

Knee Conditions

Knee Replacement

Knee Replacement
Knee replacement, also called arthroplasty, is a surgical procedure commonly done in the US and about 600,000 procedures are done yearly . This surgical procedure replaces damaged joints in your knee with artificial parts. Artificial parts include metal and rubber that form the knee joint. During the Knee replacement.

Patients who typically receive this surgical procedure are typically within age group of 50-80 years, but it is important to consult with your health care provider to determine a proper health care treatment. A knee arthroplasty may be considered for someone who has severe arthritis or a severe knee injury. Clients that show presentations of possible knee replacement can include pain when bearing weight on the knee, joint stiffness and joint swelling Patients who are younger can receive and Knee arthroplasty as well depending on the severity of the knee injury. With the amazing advancements in modern medicine implants can now last around 15-20 years. 

The goal of a knee arthroplasty is to eliminate pain, restore joint motions, and improve patients functional status and quality of life. Knee arthroplasty treats degenerative disease such as osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. Most knee replacement can be expected to last about 15 years from the time of placement. Most Knee arthroplasties can be performed in outpatient surgical centers depending on your physicians preference and the surgical procedure can last about 2 hours.

Post recovery can be fairly easy if instructions are followed. It is important to note that once surgery has been done patient must obey to the post operative instructions to assure a good recovery. Some of the instruction can include but are not limited to, extensive physical therapy to regain mobility, monitoring for signs of infection and adhere to proper hygiene of the surgical site. During recovery patient can be given pain medication to help promote early ambulation. Ambulation can be expected as early as a few hours post surgery. During the first weeks of ambulation walking assistant aids may be used to help with your walking. After a few months most patients can walk on their own, but this varies from patient to patient.

During the recovery period most patient have to attend physical therapy to help with their range of motion. Physical therapy can consist of a variety of exercises, some including strength training, balance exercise, scar tissue management and more. Each physical therapy is designed based on individual needs.

Although dislocation is not common for a Knee arthroplasty; kneeling and deep-knee bends are limited indefinitely. Although with any procedure there can be complication, some including the possibility of a infection,blood clot ,dislodgement or displacement. Some contraindication to getting a knee arthroplasty include; recent or and active infection, arterial impairment to the extremities, and comorbid condition such as uncontrolled diabetes mellitus or hypertension.